The 1874 Black Hills Expedition

On the border between Wyoming and South Dakota, the Black Hills were still a mysterious place to the white world long after the West was settled. Gen. George Armstrong Custer's Black Hills Expedition of 1874 changed everything. It sparked the last great gold rush in the continental U.S., giving birth to Deadwood but also violating the Fort Laramie Treaty with the Sioux. Their rage was unleashed on Custer and his Seventh Cavalry just two years later at the Little Big Horn.

This significant and eventful expedition was also one of the best-documented in the Old West. At least ten of the explorers kept journals or filed reports. Five journalists wrote stories full of picturesque detail. And photographer W.H. Illingworth recorded dozens of fascinating and invaluable images. Read more.